Zymurgy is just a fancy name for the art and science of beer brewing.
It is nonetheless a valuable asset for Scrabble players once every other possibility from A to Z has already been exhausted.
Yes, B-E-E-R is far easier to spell while drunk (and easier to spill, but please be careful and don't let a drop go to waste!) but a fancy term like Zymurgy has to be worth more Scrabble points than simple diminuitive terminology like let's make beer!
French chemist Louis Pasteur was the first zymologist, when in 1857 he connected yeast to fermentation. Pasteur originally defined fermentation as respiration without air.
Pasteur performed careful research and concluded, "I am of the opinion that alcoholic fermentation never occurs without simultaneous organization, development and multiplication of cells . . .. If asked, in what consists the chemical act whereby the sugar is decomposed . . . I am completely ignorant of it.".
The German Eduard Buchner, winner of the 1907 Nobel Prize in chemistry, later determined that fermentation was actually caused by a yeast secretion that he termed zymase.
The research efforts undertaken by the Danish Carlsberg scientists greatly accelerated the increase in knowledge about yeast and brewing. The Carlsberg scientists are generally acknowledged as jump-starting the entire field of molecular biology.